Environmental Program 2018-2021

In 2017, RMG approved an environmental policy document. The company attaches special importance to the observance of local and international standards in the field of environmental protection and labor safety in the production of mining and processing of minerals. The company takes obligation to create a safe work environment for employees, contractors and locals.

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“Perfection is achieved, not when there is nothing more to add, but when there is nothing left to take away.”

In 2018 based on the letter to the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture of Georgia, RMG Copper and RMG Gold have started to develop an environmental program, involves the implementation of various environmental projects and activities in order to reduce the impact of production processes in the license area of RMG and mitigate them as much as possible.

Golders Associated, an international consulting firm, worked on the environmental program together with the company's environmental team.
The final part of the RMG environmental program envisages the construction and commissioning of water cleaning building, thus will be implemented all conditions of correspondence issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture of Georgia in 2017-2018.

RMG has implemented 97 mitigation measures under the Environmental Program, most of which are aimed to improve water, air and soil quality. The investment in the implementation of the environmental program amounted to 26,000,000₾.

Water Protection Measures

Encapsulation of the river Kazretula

Preparations for the Kazretula Pollution Protection Project included conducting the necessary surveys on the Kazretula River. At the next stage of the project, within the production area - at a distance of 2 560 m, convert river to pipe (encapsulation). By implementing the measure, the company ensured the protection of the river from contamination with wastewater from the enterprise and its surrounding area. The dam near the river was rehabilitated in order to prevent the pollution of the Kazretula with the leakage, so-called "acid waters" from # 2 dump of the ore quarry. A new dam was additionally arranged. The water accumulated in the dam is completely returned to the technological cycle that eliminates further pollution of the environment with these waters. A drainage channel was arranged on the section of the access road to the quarry near dumps #1 and #2. Under the road were placed two pieces of 300 mm diameter polyethylene pipe that provides organized drainage of excess volume of drainage water collected during the rain from the pond on the other side of the road to the gorge of the river Kazretula.. In the lower part of the River Kazretula, emergency dam clamps, three-stage cascades were arranged that ensure to catch drainage waters getting into river-bed of the River Kazretula. These waters are neutralized in cascades with the lime milk. The final phase of the project envisages the construction of a modern chemical cleaning building at the end of the dams clamp cascade what will already fully protect the Kazretula River from pollution.

Drainage Water Management

The company has taken appropriate measures to manage the drainage water flowing in the production area of RMG Copper. A system of drainage and sediment reservoirs were arranged on the main ore route of the quarry; Drainage output channels were set up at the foot of so-called Kudsatsavi For organized collection of drainage and drained water and collection in the dam generated on the lower tiers of so called Kudsatsavi and on the adjacent slopes. The mentioned drainage system is put into operation with the unified complex installations and buildings. The company has set up a drainage collection system for the accumulation and cleanings of runoff from the slopes of the dumps at the production area of "RMG GOLD". Drainage water coming to the area is directed to the sediment collector through the arranged canals. Drainage water will be drained to the chemical cleaning from the sediment after that purified water will flow into the River Mashavera.

Protection measures for the River Poladauri

In order to avoid adverse impacts on the Poladauri River from the RMG Copper ore quarry #3 and #4 dumps of vain rocks, construction of wastewater collector sediments (tanks) were carried out within the framework of water protection measures. Wastewater from the dump #3 of the vain rocks will be pumped through the pipeline into the 100 000 m3 tank from where water will be used in accordance with water consumption requirements. The "acid" water drained from the dump #4 of the vain rocks is flowed and collected in a concrete collector arranged at the bottom of the dump from where it drifts into two successive water reservoirs through concrete canal. The water collected in the reservoirs will be pumped to a chemical cleaning building and the purified water will flow into the river Poladauri. The company regularly monitors the quality of river water to assess the impact of wastewater from the RMG Copper enterprise in the riverbeds of the River Mashavera and Poladauri. At the same time, it conducts annual hydrographic surveys of the River Mashavera and River Poladauri.

Chemical Cleaning Buildings of Water

In 2019 RMG held an international tender for the project and construction of three cleaning buildings. Two cleaning buildings will be located on the territory of "RMG Copper" and one on the territory of "ARM Gold"; the joint bid of the Portuguese construction company Elevolution Engenharia, SA and German consulting company Cerafiltek Germany GmbH. The cost of the contract amounts to 2 393 239 Euros. The project envisages cleaning of water contaminated with heavy metals through modern cleaning buildings to launch surface water bodies in accordance with the current legislation of Georgia. The conceptual approach involves the precipitation and microfiltration of heavy metals by adjusting pH. Detailed engineering projects developed by the company have been prepared for the beginning of 2020 and construction is implemented by Portuguese and German companies that won the tender. Both companies have undergone environmental impact assessment procedures for the construction and operation of wastewater treatment plants and environmental permits have been issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture.

Kudsatsavi Pumping Infrastructure Project

Within the framework of the water protection plan, significant construction and rehabilitation measures were taken to protect the River Kazretula from pollution in order to prevent the discharge of wastewater and drained dam water into the River Kazretula from the adjacent slopes of the so-called copper Kudsatsavi of "RMG Copper" plant and caused by the atmospheric precipitation on the lower tiers. In particular, water collection reservoirs and pumping infrastructure have been set up that ensures the collection of drainage water and pump it back to so-called Kudsatsavi. According to the technological scheme, at the bottom of Kudsatsavi 2 collection tanks (reinforced concrete construction, each volume is 1000 m3) are placed. One tank for collecting polluted water drained from Kudsatsavi dam, as well as for surface runoff caused by atmospheric precipitation on the slope of the dam and in the second tank, water coming out of the drainage collector at the bottom of Kudsatsavi is collected. Water from both tanks is pumped into the Kudsatsavi with the pipe through high-pressure pumps. At present, the drainage system (with the unified complex of constituent installations, equipments and buildings) is put into operation and drained water from the Kudsatsavi is completely placed in closed production cycle that excludes the entry of these waters into surface water bodies and pollution.

Biological Cleaning Plants of Water

The company has taken appropriate measures to prevent contamination with agricultural and domestic water. The so-called "Bio-toilets" are installed on the appropriate locations on the territory of the company that services are provided by the company sanitation vehicles. In order to manage agricultural and household wastewater, biological cleaning plants are operated on the production territory of both "RMG Copper" and "RMG Gold" that ensure the normative cleaning of agriculture and domestic water generated on the territory of the enterprise and included in the sewerage network. Periodic inspections are carried out for the proper operation of the cleaning plants. Due to the all of the above mentioned, flow of agricultural and household wastewater from the administrative and auxiliary blocks of the Sakdrisi quarry and leach pile area is completely prevented in Kviratskhoveli narrow gorge. Due to the mentioned environmental measures, the agricultural and household wastewater of the administrative and auxiliary blocks of the enterprises "RMG Copper" and "RMG Gold" is flowed into the rivers only after cleaning and there is no negative impact on the water quality of surface water bodies.

Emergency Catch Tanks

In case of excess water from the quarry, an additional (spare) 100 000 m3 reservoir of "acid" quarry water is located on the south flank of the "RMG Copper" quarry area, at 1030 m above the sea level, to protect surface water bodies against discharge "acid" waters. To protect against leakage, the reservoir is equipped with a layer of high-density polyethylene mats (geomembrane) and is equipped with a pumping device. The water collected in the reservoir heads to the technological cycle of "RMG Copper". In case of possible accident on pulp mainline of Kudsatsavi and dam body 9000 m3 emergency receiving tank was installed at the foot of Kudsatsavi dam which is covered with geomembrane. In case of accidental spillage of water from Kudsatsavi, water will be collected in this tank and the collected water will be pumped back to Kudsatsavi via mobile pump. In case of an emergency shutdown of "RMG Copper" Copper Ore Enrichment Plant, 6000 m3 tank has been set up near the enrichment plant to collect the volume of "tails" remaining at pulp mainline which is lined with a layer of high-density polyethylene mats and equipped with a pumping device. In case of emergency, "tails" assembled in the tank will be returned to Kudsatsavi through the pump.

Our Mission

Mission & values

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Our History

Trajectory

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Air Protection Measures

Roads

Within the framework of the atmospheric air protection measures in order to reduce the spread of dust on highways and inland quarries, the company additionally purchased special vehicles. Irrigation intensity is determined based on the relevant experiment and the periodicity and schedule of road irrigation are determined. The maximum speed of movement for vehicles has been determined, which is constantly monitored directly via GPS system. Concrete paving was arranged in the vicinity of the plant and on highways to reduce contamination during the ore transportation process.

Enrichment Plant

RMG has developed a plan of measures for air protection that envisages equipping closed and open-type crushing workshops, modern type air filter devices. Within the framework of RMG Copper replaced the stationary sources of emissions of harmful substances - lime workshop, large crusher and medium/small crusher - absorbed air filter system of buildings - with new, modern, filtered type air filter systems that protect the environment from emissions. The project also plans to arrange an aspiration system at various knots of the enterprise.

Open Type Crushing Installation

In order to reduce dust emissions at the RMG Gold cumulative leaching square, the following measures are envisaged according to the company action plan at the ore crushing and relocation points:

  • In 2018, water purification systems were installed at the crushing knots of RMG Gold, ore transfer and loading points, which minimized the spread of dust particles in the atmosphere. In order to increase the efficiency of reducing the spread of emitted dust, in 2020, additional water spraying equipment was installed at the ore crushing and transfer points.
  • At the ore crushing and transfer points, operates a fog generator of Elefante that rotates at 3,400 and high-pressure emits millions of water droplets. The machine can be used to prevent and reduce the spread of dust particles, to reduce the temperature and cool.

Other Measurements

In order to protect the atmospheric air, as an additional measure the company planned and implemented laundry of two new vehicles on the territory of "RMG Copper" and "RMG Gold": Heavy equipment or other vehicles moving on the quarry and its surrounding area and / or carrying out the process of ore transportation are washed before traffic on the road, which significantly reduces dust on road; the water generated in the laundry is accumulated in special tanks and its management is carried out in accordance with the requirements of the legislation.

Soil Protection Measures

Soil Protection

In order to protect the soil and prevent erosion processes on the slopes, erosive areas were identified within the production area of the companies, erosion generation factors were specified and anti-erosion measures were developed. The companies plan to carry out restoration measures in exchange for the damaged soil. In particular, the company has started compensatory forest planting activities in the areas allocated to the company by the LEPL National Forest Agency. In these areas, forest restoration / cultivation projects have been prepared by the company and approved by the orders of the National Forest Agency, according to which plants are being planted and maintained for forest cultivation. In order to prevent soil / soil contamination on the perimeter of the enterprise, on the company's production area is constantly monitored for proper waste management. The staff is periodically instructed, in case of risk of soil contamination there is an immediate response, and in case of contamination soil restoration measures will be implemented.

Nursery

For the purpose of gradual restoration-recultivation of the damaged area during the extraction of minerals, a nursery farm was set up in "RMG Copper" where different types of plants are being planted. 60-70% of the plants are live. In the period of 2018-2019 years, horse chestnut was planted - 1600 saplings. In the spring-autumn seasons of 2020, white acacia, ash-tree, black hawthorn, field maple, common thorn, tree of heaven, buckthorn, Oriental hornbeam were sown. Plantations are cared for periodically, and additional species will be planted in appropriate seasons (spring-autumn) as needed.

Re-cultivation

Vain rock dumps

Systematic visual and instrumental monitoring of the dumps are carried out to assess the resilience of the vain rock dump slopes located on the territory of the RMG Copper and ARM Gold deposits and to reduce the risk of geodynamic processes to maintain their stability. Based on the findings of the information received up to date, all active dump slopes of the company maintains sustainable. Based on the data obtained from the observation, the operating steps and the formation of the dumps completely are determined.

Slope stabilization works are being carried out on the closed dumps located on the license areas of "RMG Copper" and "RMG Gold".

In order to stabilize the soil, a number of measures have been taken since 2019:

  • Water collector canals are arranged in the area in order to prevent mechanical and water erosion processes of the slopes;
  • A short-term and long-term re-cultivation plan has been developed for 2020-2025, according to which the re-cultivation works of vain rock dumps, copper Kudsatsavi, quarries (ore, basalt, tufa) and production area are produced and will be continued;
  • On a certain area of the upper step of dump #2, special herbaceous perennial plant varieties were sown by planting hydro-sowing method.
  • After the technical re-cultivation phase, biological re-cultivation works started on a number of facilities.
  • Biological re-cultivation activities will continue seasonally. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the work performed, observations will be made for all seasons except the winter season.

Forest Cultivation

Forest planting measures are planned to compensate the areas damaged as a result of the activities of RMG Copper and RMG Gold. In particular forest cultivation conduction area is allocated by the LEPL National Forest Agency. LEPL National Forest Agency has allocated the following area to the company: 1. on the area of 10.4 ha of Tsalka-Tetritskaro forest district; 2. on the area of 3 ha of Sioni forest district. 3. Gardabani-Marneuli (currently Algeti forest district) Martkopi forest area on the area of 11.6 ha. Forest restoration / cultivation projects are being implemented in the mentioned areas, according to which plants are being planted for forest cultivation, maintenance works are being carried out.